There are not many people in the world who haven’t heard of the Montessori program and Montessori education. Montessori program has been named after the Italian physician and educator, Maria Montessori who was the first two put an emphasis on independence and freedom, as well as respect for child’s natural development, in terms of psychological, physical and social development.
Some of the key elements are necessary in order for a classroom to be considered a Montessori classroom, or in order for a school to be considered a Montessori school.
First of all Montessori schools have school groups which support mixed age classrooms, where children from ages from two to six are all in one classroom. This relieves the pressure of the children, but it also gives them peer support.
By going to mixed classrooms, children are able to teach each other and to interact with each other. Older children will experience the boosting of their confidence when explaining something to the little children and little children will feel uninhibited when asking questions and explanations from the older children than they would when asking a teacher.
Also in Montessori schools, the choice all for school activities isentirely left to the students. This gives them the sense of freedom, and the ability to be involved with in the teaching process, not just as passive participants, but also as active members of the school. Of course, these activities are chosen not only within a prescribed range of options, but still, the ability to choose their own activities gives the students a sense of control over the learning process.
In Montessori schools students do not have breaks, but they ideally study four blocks of time, which in ideal situations would be three hours. These uninterrupted blocks of work time, allow the students to devote to their full undivided attention to a specific matter or subject. It also allows them to focus their attention, and relax in and enjoy the activity they are doing.
Furthermore, in Montessori schools students learn the new concepts and ideas from constructing and discovering, rather than being instructed directly by the teacher. This model allows students to come up with their own conclusions, and come out with their own solutions to the problem. In this way the learning process is usually much more successful, then it would have been had the students been instructed to what to do and what the point of the lesson is.
Moreover, in Montessori schools the freedom of movement is allowed within the classroom, which means children are not feeling constrained or trapped in a classroom.
Montessori and her collaborators also devised specialized educational materials, which are used in these schools. Also, all teachers go through a Montessori training in order to be able to implement the Montessori teaching methods, principles and style in their classes.Read More